The Male Reproductive System
Our Men’s Health focus includes treating a wide variety of men’s reproductive health issues and conditions. It is important to first understand what structures and organs make up the male reproductive system.
Most of the male reproductive system is external. These structures include the following:
- Penis – the male organ for sexual intercourse which contains a number of sensitive nerve endings
- Scrotum – the loose, pouch-like sac of skin behind the penis that contains the testicles
- Testicles (testes) – the oval organs in the scrotum that are responsible for making testosterone
The internal organs of the male reproductive system include the following:
- Vas deferens – a long, muscular tube that transports mature sperm to the urethra
- Ejaculatory ducts – the structures that empty into the urethra
- Urethra – the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body and also functions to expel semen when the man reaches orgasm
- Seminal vesicles – the sac-like pouches that attach to the vas deferens, these vesicles provide sperm with a source of energy to help their mobility
- Prostate gland – the structure located below the bladder and in front of the rectum; this gland contributes additional fluid to ejaculate and also help nourish the sperm
- Bulbourethral glands – the structures on the sides of the urethra and below the prostate gland; these glands produce a clear fluid that lubricates the urethra and neutralizes any acidity present in the urethra.
This complex system requires hormones to stimulate or regulate the activity of cells or organs. The main hormones are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone.