Common Urinary Issues

1. Chronic pyelonephritis
Kidney Infections

Otherwise known as chronic kidney infections, this condition occurs when a UTI worsens to involve the upper urinary system (the kidneys and ureters). Chronic pyelonephritis symptoms are similar to a UTI’s but will also include back pain, fever, nausea and vomiting.

Men and Women

2. Multiple renal calculi
Kidney Stones

Kidney stones are solid masses that form in the kidneys but may be found at any point in the urinary tract. These stones are known for causing a sudden and severe onset of pain on one side of your back or abdomen.

See also:
http://wmuro.com/mens-health/kidney-stones/
http://wmuro.com/womens-health/kidney-stones/
http://wmuro.com/childrens-health-and-urology/kidney-stones/

Men and Women

3. Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis is the inflammation of the glomeruli, or tiny filters in the kidneys. These filter remove excess fluid and waste from the bloodstream. This condition can be acute or chronic, and symptoms may include hematuria, hypertension, and swelling in the face, hands feet and abdomen.

Men and Women

4. Acute renal failure
acute kidney failure

This condition occurs when the kidneys are suddenly unable to filter waste products from the blood. Symptoms may include swelling in the legs, feet, or ankles, shortness of breath, fatigue, and chest pain. Sometimes acute kidney failure causes no symptoms and is found through lab tests done for a different reason.

Men and Women

5. Hydronephrosis

When urine cannot drain out from the kidneys to the bladder due to an obstruction, it may cause hydronephrosis, causing the kidney to swell. This may or may not cause symptoms, but usually includes pain in the side, back, abdomen or groin.

See also:
http://wmuro.com/childrens-health-and-urology/hydronephrosis/

Men and Women

6. Kidney stone obstructing ureter

If a kidney stone becomes lodged in the ureter (the tubes that lead from the kidneys to the bladder), it blocks the flow of urine from the kidney and causes pain.

See "Multiple renal calculi"

Men and Women

7. Ureteral stricture

This urinary issue is caused in a narrowing or obstruction of the ureter, resulting a backup of urine in the kidney. This may cause pain as well as a UTI or kidney infection. Ureteral strictures can be congenital or as a result of scarring from a previous surgery or condition.

Men and Women

8. Transitional cell carcinoma of bladder

This type of bladder cancer occurs in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. It is the most common type of bladder cancer in the U.S. and causes symptoms such as hematuria, frequent and painful urination, and back and pelvic pain.

See also:
http://wmuro.com/mens-health/cancer/
http://wmuro.com/womens-health/cancer/

Men and Women

9. Bladder stones

Bladder stones are hard masses of minerals that form in the bladder. These stones develop when urine in the bladder becomes concentrated, which crystallizes the minerals in urine. While they may not always cause symptoms, some complain of lower abdominal pain, painful and/or frequent urination, and blood in the urine.

Men and Women

10. Benign prostatic hyperplasia
or benign prostatic hypertrophy

BPH refers to an enlarged prostate gland, which often causes urination issues such as frequent urination and a weak urine stream. This is a common issue in aging men.

See also:
http://wmuro.com/mens-health/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-enlarged-prostate/

Men

11. Prostatitis

Prostatitis is an infection or inflammation of the prostate and can affect men of all ages. Prostatitis can be acute, chronic bacterial or chronic nonbacterial. The primary symptoms of this condition are frequent urge to urinate, trouble urinating, and painful urination, as well as chills or fever.

Men

12. Urethral stricture

Urethral strictures are scars in or around the urethra, which can cause a blocked flow of urine. These result from inflammation, injury or infection. Stricture disease may cause painful urination, decreased urine stream, abdominal pain, and other symptoms.

Men and Women

13. Urethritis

Urethritis refers to inflammation of the urethra, with the most common symptom being pain and difficulty urinating. Urethritis is usually due to infection by bacteria and can be cured with antibiotics.

Men and Women

14. Papillary necrosis

Renal papillary necrosis is a kidney disorder in which part of or all of the renal papillae (areas where collecting ducts enter the kidneys and where urine flows into the ureters) die. Papillary necrosis can be caused by a number of conditions, including kidney infections, and may result in back pain, colored urine, or trouble urinating.

Men and Women

15. Renovascular hypertension

Also called renal hypertension, this condition refers to elevated blood pressure caused by kidney disease. This hypertension caused by a narrowing in the arteries that deliver blood to the kidneys and can usually be controlled with blood pressure medication. The condition may result in no noticeable symptoms.

Men and Women

16. Renal artery stenosis

Renal artery stenosis is the narrowing of arteries that transport blood to one or both of the kidneys. This mainly occurs in older people who also have atherosclerosis and over time can lead to hypertension. This condition does not usually cause any specific symptoms, but high blood pressure may be a warning sign.

Men and Women

17. Adenocarcinoma of kidney
renal cell cancer

Kidney adenocarcinoma is cancer that originates in the kidneys. This is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults, and may not present any obvious symptoms. Most often, renal cell cancer is treated with surgery, radiation, immunotherapy, or molecular-targeted therapy.

See also:
http://wmuro.com/mens-health/cancer/
http://wmuro.com/womens-health/cancer//

Men and Women

18. Transitional-cell carcinoma of renal pelvis

Transitional cell cancer begins in the cells that line the renal pelvis, which is the top area of the ureter. Signs and symptoms—such as hematuria, back pain, fatigue—may not appear until the tumor grows.

Men and Women

19. Transitional-cell carcinoma of ureter

While this condition is not as common as other cancers along the urinary tract, it is still significant. Symptoms are similar to other urinary cancers and may include hematuria and/or back pain.

Men and Women

20. Cysts in ureter

Ureteric cysts are a rare and benign condition and are typically seen in diabetics who have recurrent UTIs. Treatment for ureteric cysts is usually directed towards the underlying cause and not the cysts themselves.

Men and Women

21. Cystitis

This inflammation of the bladder is most often caused by a bacterial infection. Cystitis is often very painful and, if not treated early, can spread to the kidneys. Symptoms include a frequent urge to urinate, painful urination, hematuria, pelvic pain, and a low-grade fever.

Men and Women

22. Cystica glandularis

This condition of the bladder is often closely related to cystitis cystica. Cystica glandularis describes the metaplastic change of cells that line the bladder. This condition can be non-mucinous or mucinous (intestinal).

Men and Women

23. Carcinoma of the urethra
urethral cancer

In urethral cancer, malignant cells form in the tissues of the urethra. It is a rare cancer that affects more men than women. Symptoms of urethral cancer include bleeding or trouble with urination.

Men and Women

24. Bladder diverticulum

Bladder diverticulum refers to the outpouching of the bladder and can either be congenital or acquired. Symptoms include inability to urinate, UTI, or blood in the urine. Bladder diverticulum can cause problems such as recurrent UTIs or bladder cancer.

Men and Women

25. Neurogenic bladder

When conditions of the nervous system affect the bladder, neurogenic bladder may occur. These nervous system conditions may include stroke, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, and more. With this condition, the bladder either becomes overactive or underactive.

Men and Women